“Of course I’ll hurt you. Of course you’ll hurt me. Of course we will hurt each other. But this is the very condition of existence. To become spring, means accepting the risk of winter. To become presence, means accepting the risk of absence.”—Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, The Little Prince (via weepling)
Where did this horror movie thing of mummies walking come from was it just some racist weird western notion to further exotify Egypt?? Did anyone actually believe this before The Mummy (the really old version) came out in the 20’s?
Buckle up, y’all, I wrote my thesis on this so I actually know the answer to it. Please take a moment to prepare yourself for white people being even grosser than you thought we were. No, grosser. NO, grosser than that. Okay, you’re ready.
Of course, many cultures have myths about the dead rising up, but the mummy occupies a really unique place in the Western imagination. As far as we can tell, Western anxieties about Egyptian mummies didn’t appear until until the Early Modern period of European history. During this time, Europeans had some…interesting ideas about medicine. Some of these ideas involved straight-up fucking cannibalism. Yep! Mummy parts were crumbled up and used as tinctures or ingested, most frequently to stanch internal bleeding. It wasn’t until people began to realize that eating other humans might contribute to the spread of disease that the practice died out. It’s very probable that fears & anxieties about Egyptian mummies specifically came from their association with disease.
Egyptian mummies continued to be used as raw material up to and throughout the 19th century; they were used to make paint pigment and paper, and some people claim they were also used as fertilizer and fuel. (The last part is almost certainly not true, because the “fuel” thing comes from a Mark Twain joke that subsequent writers took seriously.) They were also the subject of Pettigrew’s famous mummy demonstrations, in which a greasy amateur scientist and showman unrolled mummies in front of London high society. They were ALSO taken into people’s private homes and treated as curios - having looted artifacts was considered a sign of refinement and good personal curatorship.
Despite treating mummies as objects and resources, the Victorians must have known on some level that desecrating corpses was not 100% okay, because it’s around this time that we start to see mummy fictions.
Including Victorian mummy erotica.
Mummy fictions in the 19th century mostly focused on romantic conquest of the mummy, but there was an element of horror in them too; in these fictions (including ones by Bram Stoker and Arthur Conan Doyle, among others) we see a lot of fear & anxiety about the mystical powers of the mummy, which I’m pretty sure comes from Englishmen feeling vaguely guilty about having dead people in their houses. (Not guilty enough to put them back, though!) EDIT: if you’re wondering where, specifically, the idea of mummies walking is from, it’s from these stories.
As mummy romance fell out of vogue, the accompanying horror element stayed. When the tomb of Tutankhamun was opened in 1922 and a series of unfortunate events conspired to make people believe in a curse, Western anxieties about the mummy skyrocketed, and birthed the mummy-horror tradition we see today.
Of course, all of this history IS absolutely rooted in racism and exotification; as I said in my thesis:
It is tempting to dismiss the use and abuse of mummified bodies as a quirk of history, an unusual and unrepeatable phase of Western culture. However, to do so would be to dismiss years of imperialism, of colonialist thought, in which people of “the Orient” - a category in which Egypt was definitively included - existed in the Western imagination as curios, commodities, and curiosities, not as human beings.
This concludes the super long answer that no one asked for or wanted. If you take away anything from this, I hope it’s that if you’re European, your great-great-great grandfather was probably a cannibal and your great-grandma was probably into mummy porn. Sweet dreams!
this is the most beautiful explanation I’ve ever read thank you thank you
While absolutely no one deserves the kind of harassment that Anita Sarkeesian gets, its remarkable to remember that Anita has done nothing whatsoever that should scare even the most misogynistic gamer. She has not called for regulation, hasn’t proposed any industry standards or policies, hasn’t asked for anyone to be fired or any company to be singled out. She hasn’t ever even suggested that anyone who makes or anyone who plays these games is misogynist or should “feel bad” about what they are doing. She has literally just given some talks and made some videos saying “here is some stuff I see happening in games.”
And yet she is harassed with such violence and persistence, you would think she somehow hides inside of every game console in the world, nerfing male characters and screaming feminist rants and electrocuting the testicles of any boy who looks at boobies.
A great way to tell that oppressive structures are real is when the privileged group goes bat-ass crazed any time their targets take even one small step outside of their assigned box.
Living with mental illness means that on some days it will be even harder to cope and you might not be able to explain why. It could be because you havent slept enough, because a smell reminded you of feeling sad, or for no reason at all.
This is a reminder that we dont have to justify our feelings or abilities to anyone, just do whats needed to make it to the next day.
no i dont want to be a billionaire to live a lavish lifestyle i want to be a billionaire to be financially secure and have enough money to give people things and support charities and fund kickstarters and leave hundred dollar tips
Anita Sarkeesian had to cancel a lecture at Utah State because some psychopath threatened to murder a bunch of people if she spoke because “feminists ruined his life” and other head-in-ass dribble like that. And apparently Utah’s open-carry policy prevented the police from doing firearm searches of the attendees. This is just so many levels of fucked up.
Actually, this is turning out to be a pretty great story, and Anita Sarkeesian is playing her hand beautifully.
Here’s the fucked up thing: Anita gets death threats all the time. As a woman trying to bring a feminist message into gamer culture, she’s a constant target for harassment, and she’s given any number of public lectures under threat of violence. What was different about today is Utah’s conceal-carry gun laws.
No matter how much USU or the police assured Sarkeesian of her safety, they still couldn’t prevent people from legally bringing concealed firearms to the venue, and after the overt threat of a mass shooting at the event, she was able to leverage her cancelation into a national story. It’s really quite impressive.
I’m glad that she canceled the event, and I’m glad that this story is getting so much attention. Up until today, only a handful of gamers and feminists even knew who Anita Sarkeesian was. This is going to elevate her profile to the national stage, freshly dipped in righteousness, with a galvanized message about how much we all need feminism in a culture so obviously steeped in misogynistic violence.
And the cowardly twerp who wrote the death threat? I’ll bet a thousand bucks right now that he’ll be spending the holidays (and likely the next few years) in federal prison. The FBI is damn good at finding little neckbearded fuckboys who think they know how to mask an IP address, especially when there’s the added pressure of national publicity.
It started out fucked-up, but I have a feeling this story will have a happy ending.
"listen i know women are getting harassed and threatened on a daily basis in this industry and it gets worse every day and that’s really bad but can we talk about corruption in games journalism" who fucking cares
who. fucking. cares.
who fucking cares if companies are buying off reviews? shit, we already know they do. we’ve known it since the start. we already know they’ve expended money to buy reviews, ads, good press. be it directly handing money, or spending exorbitant amounts of money on press event parties, flying people in on their own expense and everything. we’ve known this shit for awhile. jeff gerstmann got fired for not rolling with this shit, but, notably, people didn’t explode over “ethics” in games journalism back them.
and, notably, they aren’t targeting AAA publishers. they target indie game developers and smalltime journalists and critics - pretty consistently women, or anybody who speaks up in defense of those women.
all this for “ethics in games journalism”. obviously just a very tiny slice of games journalism, since they don’t attack the people with money to actually do things.
who fucking cares.
ea could spend 5 million dollars tomorrow to buy one single review. who fucking cares? you can read steam reviews, gamefaqs reviews, metacritic user reviews, and most of all, you can WATCH ACTUAL GAMEPLAY on youtube. hours of it! on day of launch! you can download demos! you have more access to judging whether you will like a game or not on your own than ever before. you don’t have to rely on print mags giving you a limited array of screenshots and a review score anymore. you have a WEALTH of resources to decide if you’ll like a game or not before purchasing it. up to and including even outright pirating it! it’s easier than ever before!
and despite the ongoing, daily fucking harassment, the death threats, and most of all, just the bubbling culture that’s always been there that hates women, that hates anyone from outside their “norm” and derides and mocks them and holds an astounding amount of anger in their hearts over them, that culture that’s always fucking been there but gets dismissed with “that’s trolls, ignore them” or “that’s just how it is, people are assholes”, what they want to focus on is “ethics in games journalism”, which to them, comes down solely apparently to fucking review scores.
they care more about that than fucking anything else in the world.
fuck gamergate. fuck people who care more about whether or not bayonetta 2 got a 10/10 across the board than the hideous disgusting culture of hate that surrounds them and they seem to willingly inhabit with and just go “not us, though”
aside from being cissexist the whole XX = female and XY = male thing is Straight-Up Wrong
AFAB people can have XO, XXX, XXXX and XY chromosomes while AMAB people have have XXYY, XYY, and XX chromosomes and since the majority of the population never has their karyotype examined, they’ll never know that they have one of these chromosomal quirks unless that specific combination has associated symptoms, and not all of them do. you could literally have one of the aforementioned combinations without even knowing it and meanwhile you’re insisting that all AFAB people are XX and that anyone else who has this must also be female
we could also talk about how hormonal patterns for XX persons can naturally and biologically mirror that of a typical XY person, or vis versa, which gives rise to things like androgen insensitivity disorder. here u have it, folks, an whole group of intersex people who have XY chromosomes and testicles and vulva and vagina, all grown naturally, all at the same time.
the number of people who are intersex mirror the number of people who are born with red hair, but no one goes around trying to say that red isn’t a natural hair colour just because the phenotype doesn’t manifest in the majority of the population.
“It is physically and emotionally draining to be called upon to prove that these systems of power exist. For many of us, just struggling against them is enough — now you want us to break them down for you? Imagine having weights tied to your feet and a gag around your mouth, and then being asked to explain why you think you are at an unfair disadvantage. Imagine watching a video where a young man promises to kill women who chose not to sleep with him and then being forced to engage with the idea that maybe you are just a hysterical feminist seeing misogyny where there is none. It is incredibly painful to feel that in order for you to care about my safety, I have to win this verbal contest you have constructed “for fun.””—An open letter to privileged people who play devil’s advocate (via brutereason)